Norwood Haugaard posted an update 4 months ago
The need for automation and robots in all manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced human beings in the wide range of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs which need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and place), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are employed within a diverse variety of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". In line with the definition it may be fixed set up or mobile for use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in a variety of axes. These are multi-functional items that may be custom-built and designed to perform variety of operations.
The major advantages of industrial robots is that they may be set to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for years, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economical life time of your industrial robot is approximately 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots have become an indispensable a part of manufacturing.
Industrial robots are classified into different categories according to their mechanical structure. The main kinds of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They may be stationary robots having three portions of motion. They work from an overhead grid which has a rectangular work envelope. They may be mainly used to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots supply their axes above the work making them also well suited for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of movement. They move inside an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are utilized for factory automation requiring pick and put work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It might have from two to ten or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are suitable for welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs can be customized with the addition of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are very important add-ons. End effectors will be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached to robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are employed to move or assemble parts are samples of end effectors. End effectors are made and utilized to sense and talk with the external environment. The end effectors’ design is determined by the approval requirements from the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They’re built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks accustomed to control other manufacturing equipment like robotic arms. Machine vision is used for the inspection of manufactured goods for example semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.
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