• Norwood Haugaard posted an update 3 months ago

    The importance of automation and robots in all manufacturing industries keeps growing. Industrial robots have replaced human beings within a wide range of industries. Robots beat humans in jobs which need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and put), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are employed within a diverse variety of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

    The ISO meaning of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". Based on the definition it may be fixed set up or mobile to be used in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in several axes. They’re multi-functional tools that may be custom-built and developed to perform a various operations.

    The most important aspects of industrial robots is that they might be designed to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The cost-effective lifespan of an industrial robot is approximately 12-16 years. This can persistent accuracy industrial robots have become a vital part of manufacturing.

    Industrial robots has sorted out into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The most important categories of industrial robots are:

    Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: These are stationary robots having three elements of motion. They work from an overhead grid which has a rectangular work envelope. They are mainly accustomed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have got all their axes across the work making them also well suited for dispensing applications.

    SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of movement. They move inside an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are used for factory automation requiring pick and place work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.

    Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It may have from two to ten or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are very well fitted to welding, painting and assembly.

    Basic industrial robot designs might be customized by building different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are essential add-ons. End effectors are the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which can be accustomed to move or assemble parts are examples of end effectors. End effectors are designed and employed to sense and talk with the external environment. The end effectors’ design is determined by the applying requirements of the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. These are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other manufacturing equipment such as robotic arms. Machine vision is used for that inspection of manufactured goods including semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are utilized to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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